The helps for working mothers are a series of measures implemented years ago to reconcile and promote the birth rate, since Spain is one of the countries with the lowest birth rate in Europe, with 7.86 births per 1000 inhabitants. These direct aid are in addition to the deductions that can be applied in the tax return in order to reduce the personal income tax payment.
These are the benefits that you can receive as a working mother if you have minor children or are going to have them.
The maternity deduction, as its name suggests, is aimed at women working women with children under three years of age. This help is for mothers who work both as an employee and self-employed, with the only requirement of being registered with Social Security. Only mothers can receive this aid, except in cases where the latter dies, which the father may collect.
What is the maternity deduction?
It consists of the possibility of deduct up to € 1200 per year in the income statement, until the child is 3 years old. The deduction is applied from the month in which the minor is born and lasts until the month prior to turning 3 years old.
When it comes to an adoption, the age of the child is not taken into account, but the deduction time is computed from when the adoption is registered in the Civil Registry.
Can I request an advance payment?
There are actually two ways to apply the maternity deduction. On the one hand, can be ordered in advance through model 140 of the Tax Agency, to receive € 100 per month. The request can be made in person at any branch of the Tax Agency, by phone or online on the Tax Agency website. Normally this aid is collected on the last business day of the month.
If not, you can also request the deduction in the income statement, which consists of applying the reduction of € 1200 to the result of the declaration. If the result goes out to pay, for example € 500, when applying the maternity deduction the Treasury would return € 700. In the event that the result is to return € 500, with the maternity deduction this amount would be increased to € 1700.
How to proceed?
To apply the deduction in the tax return, you must fill in boxes 551 and 552 of the web rent program, indicating the period during which they have worked both self-employed and employed. The aid begins the month in which the child is born, therefore, if the birth occurs in the month of March, in the income statement it is counted from March to December. The following two years are counted complete and the last year only January and February would be charged.
The daycare check is another aid that working mothers have for the payment of daycare expenses for children under three years of age. The aid is € 1000 per year and is applied as deduction in the income statement. If the result of the declaration is positive and you pay € 500, when applying the nursery check the result will be to collect € 500.
Employed or self-employed mothers who enroll their children in the first cycle of early childhood education in private centers can apply for this aid. This aid is incompatible with the aid and subsidies of the public educational centers and with the daycare vouchers of the companies.
The aid ranges from when the child begins the first cycle of nursery school until the month before starting the second cycle, regardless of when he turns three. It includes the pre-registration and enrollment expenses, monthly payments and dining room expenses.
In this case, it is the nursery that must pass the information to the Treasury through form 233. Mothers only have to verify in the draft of the declaration that this deduction is included.
Minimum for descendants in the income statement
In addition to these aids for working mothers, it should be remembered that mothers and fathers can include their children in the income tax return increasing the personal and family minimum that is exempt from paying personal income tax. This amount varies according to the number of children and their age.
Thus, the amount for the first child is € 2,400, for the second child € 2,700, it amounts to € 4,000 for the third child and € 4,500 for the fourth and subsequent children. In addition, these amounts are increased by € 2,800 when the child is under 3 years of age. It is important to remember that, in the event that a joint return is not made with the parent, these deductions must be shared 50% between the two parents. Only in the case of a single parent family (single father or mother, or when the father or mother does not actually live with the children) this deduction will be 100% for the parent who is in charge of the children.
Children must also meet some requirementss: they must be under 25 years of age, live in the family home and have no income of more than € 8,000 per year.
Helpline for working mothers
In addition to its website, the Tax Agency offers a telephone service Through the number 901 200 345, which working mothers can contact to process the application for maternity assistance. To carry out the management, the NIF, bank account number, Social Security affiliation number of the worker, the amount of the taxable base of the personal income tax return and the civil registry data must be communicated.
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